Timeline of the Suffragette Movement in Canada
Women with property in Quebec have the right to vote from 1809 – 1949.
Prince Edward Island implements a formal exclusion of women to vote in provincial elections.
In Nova Scotia, women had been formally excluded from the provincial vote,
Mary Ann Shadd, editor of the Provincial Freeman, was a pioneer suffragist and abolitionist, who used her newspaper as a platform to discuss women’s rights, including the right to vote. The paper also informed readers of suffrage meetings
British North America Act entrenches women’s exclusion from the vote.
As early as the 1870s, the Manitoba Icelandic community was endorsing women’s suffrage.
In New Brunswick, a bill to enfranchise single, property-owning women failed in 1870.
in New Brunswick a bill to enfranchise single, property-owning women failed
Female property owners in British Columbia are first “Canadian” women to gain right to vote in municipal elections.
The Toronto Women’s Literary Club (TWLC) was created in 1876–77 by Dr. Emily Howard Stowe, one of Canada’s first female doctors; she and her daughter, Dr. Augusta Stowe-Gullen, spearheaded Ontario’s suffrage campaign for 40 years To the TWLC, extending the vote to women would help to improve women’s safety as well as their chances of employment and education.
n 1883, TWLC became the Toronto Women’s Suffrage Association
The Toronto Women’s Literary Club becomes the Canadian Women’s Suffrage Association.
The first municipal franchise was granted to widows and spinsters in Ontario.
House of Commons debates over a new federal franchise act (previously the right to vote was set by provinces) demonstrated the significance of suffrage in shaping the country. The decision to exclude all women, most Status Indians and all Asian persons from the franchise confirmed that only White men merited full citizenship and the right to rule.
in Alberta, unmarried women property owners gain the right to vote and hold office in school matters.
Sir John A. Macdonald introduces, then withdraws, an elections act amendment giving women the vote.
Women in Manitoba gain the right to vote in municipal elections.
in 1889 became the Dominion Women’s Enfranchisement Association
The Dominion Women’s Enfranchisement Association is created from the Canadian Women’s Suffrage Association and campaigns for the vote for women.
During the decade 1890-1900, bills for the provincial enfranchisement of women are introduced into the legislatures of Ontario, Nova Scotia, Manitoba, and Quebec. They are all defeated.
A suffrage bill supported by the local branch of the WCTU was defeated.
New Brunswick’s only group devoted to the vote was the Women’s Enfranchisement Association of New Brunswick, which was formed in Saint John.
House of Commons votes down a petition for women’s suffrage presented by the Women’s Christian Temperance Union.
The Northwest Territories allows unmarried women to vote in municipal elections, but not to hold office.
1896, determination of the franchise returned to the provinces, all with gender exclusions and many with particular racial and gender exclusions.
By 1900, suffragists had won municipal voting privileges for property-owning women in many cities, and some women could vote in elections for park, library and school boards.
Alberta grants the municipal franchise to widows and spinsters, but not to married women.
Manitoba’s Political Equality League was established.
The United Farmers of Alberta endorsed suffrage in 1912,
In 1914, the Manitoba’s Political Equality League held a successful fundraiser with a well-publicized mock parliament, where Nellie McClung famously debated wether or not to give men the vote.
Nellie McClung writes In Times Like These
TheUnited Farm Women of Alberta (UFWA) emerged to campaign for suffrage
January 28, 1916
Manitoba women became the first in Canada to win both the right to vote and to hold provincial office.
March 14, 1916
Saskatchewan women became the second in Canada to win both the right to vote and to hold provincial office.
April 19, 1916
Alberta women won both the right to vote and to hold provincial office.
British Columbia was the only jurisdiction in Canada to put women’s suffrage to a referendum of male voters, during the provincial election of 1916.
Ontario women won both the right to vote and to hold provincial office.
Women in Manitoba become eligible to run for municipal office
June 7, 1917
In 1917, Alberta’s Louise McKinney of the Nonpartisan League was the first woman elected to a provincial legislature in Canada and the British Empire
June 7, 1917
MacAdams was elected to the legislature as independent, becoming the second woman elected to the Assembly
43,619 to 18,604 ballots), the new Liberal government approved women’s suffrage on 5 April 1917.
April 26, 1918
Nova Scotia women won the right to vote and to hold provincial office. .
Female citizens, not included under racial or Indigenous exclusions, aged 21 and over became eligible to vote in federal elections regardless of whether they had yet attained the provincial franchise.
New Brunswick women won the right to vote.
New Brunswick’s 1843 prohibition of female voters finally revoked.
Enfranchised women gained the right to stand for the House of Commons, but not able to be appointed to the Senate
May 3 1922
Prince Edward Island won the right to vote and to hold provincial office.
The first female senator, Liberal Cairine Wilson, was appointed in 1930
April, 25 1940
Quebec women win the right to vote and run for provincial office.
1957, Conservative MP Ellen Fairclough became the first woman appointed to a federal Cabinet
The first Indigenous female Member of Parliament was the Liberal Ethel Blondin Andrews for Western Arctic, Northwest Territories.
Audrey McLaughlin is first woman to lead a major federal political party
The first female premier of a province or territory was Rita Johnson(Social Credit) of British Columbia in 1991.
1996, British Columbia elected the first Chinese Canadian women to its legislature: Liberal Ida Chong and NDPer Jenny Kwan.
Ontario women with property have right to vote for school trustee